The comprehension of grammar is of utmost importance in IELTS as it is an important component which is evaluated in this exam. In speaking and writing section, understanding and usage of grammar is significant. Not only this, the comprehension of reading and listening sections depend to a great extent on our understanding of grammar. So, does it mean that students have to memorize the key concepts in grammar in order to clear IELTS. Not really. BRZEE Academy as the best IELTS training institute in Gurgaon / Gurugram will help you to brush up the salient points in grammar and that would be good enough for you to get you updated with the concepts of grammar.
Let us look at two of the concepts in detail i.e., Articles and Tenses.
In the English Grammar there are three articles i.e. a, an and the. ‘The’ is known as the definite article and a and an are known as the indefinite articles. We use ‘an’ before a vowel sound and ‘a’ before a consonant sound. ‘The’ is used when we are talking about anything or anybody in particular.
Other uses of ‘The’ are:
- The is also used with the names of countries in which the word ‘united’ or ‘republic’ is mentioned.
- The is used with the names of chain of mountains and islands.
- The is used before names of famous monuments, oceans, seas, rivers etc.
Tenses are used to refer to time. There are three types of tenses: Past, Present and Future.
Past tense is of 4 types: Simple Past, Past Continuous, Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous.
- Simple past is used to indicate an action which has completed in the past. There should be a time reference when we are talking about simple past tense. The time reference may be implicit or explicit.
For eg.: Last night I went to bed early. (Time reference is explicit).
I learnt Hindi in Nagpur (Time reference is implicit. It implies I learnt Hindi when I was in Nagpur).
- Past Continuous is used to indicate action was in progress for some time in the past. Eg; Radha was dancing when Krishna saw her.
- Past Perfect Tense is used to indicate that one action had been completed before another started. Past perfect is used with the earlier and simple past with the later action:
For Eg: The bus had left when we got to the bus station.
- Past perfect continuous tense is used to report an action or event that happened before a point in the past and whose effects are still visible at that point (in the past). Eg Prakash had been playing tennis for an hour when the news of his selection came in.
- Simple Present Tense is used for regular activity, universal truths and ethical and moral principles. For Eg: The Sun rises in the East.
- Present Continuous Tense: An action going on at the time of speaking. Ex They are playing cricket.
- Present Perfect Tense is used to refer to an activity or experience which has occurred in the past. Have you seen a rainbow? I have written a book on English Grammar.
- Present Perfect Continuous Tense It is used to look back over actions and situations which started in the past and are still going on. For Eg: I have been living in John’s flat for the last month.
- Simple Future Tense: Shall is used with first person. Will is used with second person and third person. This order changes in the following cases
Determination First person + will. I can’t take this insult. I will resign my post
Order Third person + shall. The college shall remain closed tomorrow. (not, will)
Threat Second person/third person + shall. For eg. You shall pay a fine.
Willingness First person + will. I will speak the truth and nothing but the truth.
Promise Second person/third person+ shall. He shall get his money back.
Compulsion: Third person + shall. You shall be here before 5 p.m. for the meeting. I will have to finish this work.
- Future Continuous Tense expresses an action in progress at some time in future. For Eg: He will be washing the car tomorrow morning.
- Future Perfect Tense expresses completion of an action by a given time in future. For Eg: He will have built a house by the end of this year.
- Future Perfect Continuous Tense: This form of verb indicates an activity that will continue over a period of time, so it is normally used with an expression of time.
For Eg: By the end of this month, we will have been working here for 25 years.
Hope this blog will help you to understand the nuances of grammar topics. We will cover more such topics in our next blog.